Asynchronous – Transmission of recorded health information (e.g., radiographs, photographs, video, digital impressions, data transfer and photomicrographs of patients) through a secure electronic communications system to a practitioner, who uses the information to evaluate a patient’s condition or render a service outside of a real-time or live interaction. Also called, “store-and-forward” (American Dental Association, 2023). 

Intraoral Camera – Handheld, small cameras that dental providers use to capture images in different areas of the mouth (Kalyana-Chakravarthy & Siddiq, 2019).

Mobile Dentistry– The process of delivering or receiving care using portable dental equipment and mobile dental vans (Gupta et al., 2019).

Mobile Dentistry– The process of delivering or receiving care using portable dental equipment and mobile dental vans (Gupta et al., 2019).

Mobile Teledentistry– The practice of dentistry that is not confined to a single building and can be transported (Oral Health Workforce Research Center [OHWRC],2017).

Remote Supervision- a supervising dentist is accessible and available for communication and consultation with a dental hygienist during the delivery of dental hygiene services, but such dentist may not have conducted an initial examination of the patients who are to be seen and treated by the dental hygienist and may not be present with the dental hygienist when dental hygiene services are being provided (Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2722 (2023)

Store-and-forward – the electronic transmission of dental and health information, including images, photographs, documents, and health histories, through a secure communication system (Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2700 (2022). Store-and-forward can be utilized by the dentist, hygienist, dental assistant, and administrative staff.

Synchronous- This is a live two-way interaction between a patient, caregiver, or provider and a provider using audiovisual telecommunications technology (e.g., virtual video) to allow for a face-to-face encounter (American Dental Association, 2023).

Teletriage- This process is used to supplement or replace components of the screening process to remotely ascertain the patient’s condition and the care required. Teletriage involves the use of audiovisual telecommunications by provider and patient (Minervini et al., 2022).

Teledentistry – Use of virtual communication technology to connect dental providers to patients for electronic appointments. Teledentistry can be further defined as the delivery of dentistry between a patient and a dentist who holds a license to practice dentistry issued by the Board using telehealth systems and electronic technologies or media, including interactive, two-way audio or video (Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2700 (2022).

This project is supported in part by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as part of a Health Resources and Services Administration Oral Health Work Force Grant awarded to the Virginia Department of Health (Project Period 09/01/2022 – 08/31/2026). The contents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement, by HRSA, HHS, or the U.S. Government.